The myth of inferiority Shortly after the Tuskegee airmen entered combat, their performance was officially challenged and their removal from the combat zone was suggested by some. Using monthly unit histories, mission reports and other archived documents conserved by the Air Force, Haulman challenges nine popular misconceptions about the Tuskegee airmen and tries to bring some facts and perspective back to the story. As a result of this study, the Tuskegee airmen remained in the combat zone and allowed to continue their mission. Haulman details his investigation method concerning this claim and provides multiple references to back up his findings.
During an interview, one of the crew chiefs of the 301st FS indicated he had no recollection of such an event, and that the larger fuel tanks were obtained through the usual logistical channel.
Haulman indicates this myth might have found its origins in the fact that the tanks were delivered by train rather than the usual truck delivery.
An examination of the mission tasking method in use at the time also shows that it did not allow for any such requests to be made.
One of the few documents that shows how satisfied bomber groups were with their escorts indicates the highest level of escort efficiency in the 15th AF seems to have been achieved before the 332nd FG was engaged in escort missions and was the consequence of strategic and tactical decisions rather than the performance of a specific unit.
Examination of the deployment of the pilots in such a position disproves this as most remained in combat after their fourth victory, making it possible for them to score a fifth victory.
The myth of being first to shoot down German jets Sometimes one hears the claim that the Tuskegee airmen were the first to shoot down German jets.
Pilots of the 332nd Fighter Group, "Tuskegee Airmen," the elite, all-African American 332nd Fighter Group at Ramitelli, Italy., from left to right, Lt. Another untrue assertion is that black pilots with four victories were sent home to stop them from achieving ace status.
He never claimed a fifth victory, and consequently this was never taken away or downgraded to half.
This is a difficult assertion to prove or disprove, being hardly quantifiable by nature.
However, no official documents show that the 332nd FG was specifically requested as escort by bomber groups.
In a sense, it was a step back toward more segregation.“ Haulman also notes that white members of the organizations were in leadership positions, and that black officers did not command white officers.