This also includes (but is not limited to) preventing the victim from finishing education or obtaining employment.
In addition, stalking is often included among the types of Intimate Partner Violence.
Estimates are that only about a third of cases of domestic violence are actually reported in the US and UK.
It is often devastating to the alienated spouse/parent and to the alienating/alienated children caught in the middle.
Misdiagnoses of Parental Alienation can also be devastating -- this time to the parent accurately describing abuse and to the child that is placed with the abusive parent.
The New York State Coalition defines domestic violence as "abusive behavior - emotional, psychological, physical, or sexual - that one person in an intimate relationship uses in order to control the other.
It takes many different forms and includes behaviors such as threats, name-calling, preventing contact with family or friends, withholding money, actual or threatened physical harm and sexual assault.
Stalking can also be a form of domestic violence." Domestic violence can be: Physical violence is the intentional use of physical force with the potential for causing injury, harm, disability, or death, for example, hitting, shoving, biting, restraint, kicking, or use of a weapon.
Sexual violence and incest are divided into three categories: Threats of physical, psychological or sexual, or social violence that use words, gestures, or weapons to communicate the intent to cause death, disability, injury, physical, or psychological harm.
Recent attention to domestic violence began in the women's movement as concern about wives being beaten by their husbands, and has remained a major focus of modern feminism, particularly in terms of "violence against women".
Popular emphasis has tended to be on women as the victims of domestic violence although with the rise of the men's movement, and particularly men's rights, there is now some advocacy for men as victims, although the statistics concerning the number of male victims given by them are strongly contested by many groups active in research on or working in the field of domestic violence and "violence against men".
Psychological abuse Humiliation / Intimidation Mobbing / Bullying Hate speech / Manipulation Stalking / Cyberstalking Relational aggression Parental alienation Psychological torture Mind control / Shunning Coercive persuasion Harassment / Hate mail Domestic violence occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate or harm the other.
The term "intimate partner violence" (IPV) is often used synonymously, other terms have included "wife beating", "wife battering", "Man Beating", "husband battering", "relationship violence", "domestic abuse", "spousal abuse", and "family violence" with some legal jurisdictions having specific definitions.
Psychological/emotional violence involves violence to the victim caused by acts, threats of acts, or coercive tactics.