In 1543, the Mughal emperor Humayun rested in Quetta on his retreat to Safavid Persia, leaving his one-year-old son Akbar in the city until his return two years later.Although the city was occupied briefly in 1839 by the British during the First Afghan War, it was not until 1876 that Quetta became part of the British Empire, when Robert Sandeman was made the political leader for Balochistan.
The epicentre of the earthquake was close to the city and destroyed most of the city’s infrastructure and killed an estimated 40,000 people.
), is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, located in the southwestern region of the country. It shares borders with Punjab and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the northeast, Sindh to the southeast, the Arabian Sea to the south, Iran to the west, and Afghanistan to the north.
It is an important military location which occupies a strategic position for the Pakistani Armed Forces.
The city lies on the Bolan Pass route which was once the only gateway to and from South Asia.
Balochistan marked the westernmost extent of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
Centuries before the arrival of Islam in the 7th Century, parts of Balochistan was ruled by the Paratarajas, an Indo-Scythian dynasty.
The name Balochistan means "the land of the Baloch" in many regional languages.
Although largely underdeveloped, the provincial economy is dominated by natural resources, especially its natural gas fields, which supply the entire country.
The arrival of British troops led to the establishment of road and rail links and the introduction of schools, mainly for strategic purposes.